Why Should I Have A Spinal Surgery? There are many varieties of spine surgery operations and each one are done for the reason of relieving patients from back pains that seemed to have no end. Microdiscectomy also known as lumbar laminectomy, decompressive laminectomy, lumbar fixation and lumbar fusion are only few of the kinds of spinal surgery offered by surgeons today. Patients who have sustained spinal injuries and are suffering from spinal pain are being given these types of surgery procedures. Surgery Microdiscectomy Procedure
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In the event that the tissue that separates the vertebral bones of the spinal column is ruptured microdiscectomy or commonly referred to as lumbar laminectomy is given to relieve this type of spinal injury. There are no other spinal problems aside from this one that is most commonly experienced by people. This particular spine surgery is done using special magnification and instruments by the surgeon in order to make a small incision which is usually less than an inch to an inch maximum. Quick recovery are experienced by patients that undergoes these types of spine surgery due to the fact that the incision is just a small one leaving little damage and stress to the muscle with a minimal amount of pain. Epidural anesthesia is being given to patients who undergo these types of surgeries instead of a general anesthesia. The surgery involves the removal of the ruptured part of the spinal disc which serves as a cushion between the spinal vertebrae.
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Lumbar Fusion Surgery Patient who needs to have a more stable vertebrae are giving lumbar fusion procedures. The surgery uses an artificial bone supplement or a bone from the patient’s pelvis or back in order to be infuse with the spinal bones. The unstable spinal vertebrae is being infused with the harvested bone in order to give it more stability. This particular spine surgery not only stops motion on the affected unstable vertebrae but it also allows the bones to grow in the area for the healing to speed up. For a complete fusion of the spinal vertebrae with the grafted bone to be promoted patients that undergone this kind of spinal surgery needs to have a back brace worn for about three months after the surgery has taken place. After the surgery takes place patients needs to undergo several x-ray procedures for the next few weeks so that the doctor may secure that the fusion is where it needs to be and no internal fixation is needed. Fixation Procedures In cases of destabilized spinal vertebrae where the lumbar fusion has been done the patient will undergo fixation surgery procedures for this destabilized vertebrae to be corrected. In order to stabilize the fused bones surgeons use screws and rods so as to make a more rigid spine. There is no need for removing the installed screws and rods by the time that the bone fusion have been made concrete.